Membangun Model Tata Kelola Strategis dalam Strategi Peningkatan Informasi Keimigrasian Melalui Expo dan Konferensi di Indonesia, Pendekatan Soft Systems Methodology

Aditya Sarsito, Rachma Fitriati

  Abstract


Di Indonesia, expo dan konferensi mengenai ketenagakerjaan, pariwisata, atau bisnis masih diorganisir secara terpisah dan, maka dari itu, perlu diintegrasikan dengan lebih baik. Kegiatan-kegiatan expo dan konferensi ini kontras dengan sifat multidimensional dari proses keimigrasian. Organisasi layanan keimigrasian selalu berada dalam dinamika tinggi karena fungsi dari keimigrasian secara langsung terkait dengan mobilitas orang yang selalu mengejar perubahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis model tata kelola strategis dalam meningkatkan informasi keimigrasian melalui expo dan konferensi. Studi ini menggunakan metodologi soft system atau SSM dalam pemodelan aktivitas terkait imigrasi. SSM cocok digunakan dalam penelitian ini karena dapat melihat situasi sosial yang kompleks dan melibatkan berbagai sudut pandang. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa diperlukan pendirian sebuah acara besar internasional, yaitu Indonesia Immigration Expo and Conference, sebagai forum tata kelola strategis terintegrasi dan tata kelola kolaboratif untuk menyediakan informasi yang benar tentang keimigrasian di Indonesia. Selain itu, dengan diberlakukannya Peraturan Pemerintah No. 40 tahun 2023 tentang imigrasi dalam bentuk kebijakan “Golden Visa,” perubahan dalam periode pemberian visa dan izin tinggal diharapkan dapat menarik lebih banyak investasi asing. Acara internasional besar ini diharapkan berfungsi sebagai jaringan sosial karena mengumpulkan kedutaan, pengusaha, universitas, dan agen pariwisata dalam satu tempat. Studi ini merekomendasikan keterlibatan pemangku kepentingan dalam mendorong desain tata kelola strategis dan tata kelola kolaboratif untuk setiap pemangku kepentingan.


  Keywords


Tata Kelola Kolaboratif; Imigrasi; Acara Besar, Pameran, dan Konferensi; Metodologi Perangkat Lunak; Tata Kelola Strategis, Visa Emas.

  Full Text:

PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

  References


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———. “Collaborative Platforms as a Governance Strategy.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 28, no. 1 (2018): 16–32. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85044157457&do i=10.1093%2Fjopart%2Fmux030&partnerID=40&md5=128b8acac0625ea95c2ad78faf064a62.

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Horne, John. “The Four ‘Knowns’ of Sports Mega‐Events.” Leisure Studies 26, no. 1 (January 2007): 81–96. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02614360500504628.

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Lee, Choong Ki, Soo K Kang, and Yong Ki Lee. “Segmentation of Mega Event Motivation: The Case of Expo 2010 Shanghai China.” Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 18, no. 6 (September 2013): 637–660. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10941665.2012.695287.

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———. “Uncovering the Failure of Agile Framework Implementation Using SSM-Based Action Research.” Palgrave Communications 6, no. 1 (2020): 1–18. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0384- 9#citeas.

Tao, Jill L. “National-Local Networks and Immigration Governance: Policy Distance in South Korea.” Croatian and Comparative Public Administration 19, no. 3 (2019): 345–376. https://hrcak.srce.hr/226336.

Tenggara, Maxedo, Breeze Maringka, and Hamka. “Perancangan Konferensi Dan Pameran Di Kota Malang Tema: High-Tech Architecture.” Jurnal Pengilon 3, no. 2 (2019): 47–58. https://ejournal.itn.ac.id/index. php/pengilon/article/view/3065.

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———. “Collaborative Platforms as a Governance Strategy.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 28, no. 1 (2018): 16–32. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85044157457&do i=10.1093%2Fjopart%2Fmux030&partnerID=40&md5=128b8acac0625ea95c2ad78faf064a62.

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Bianchi, Carmine, Greta Nasi, and William C Rivenbark. “Implementing Collaborative Governance: Models, Experiences, and Challenges.” Public Management Review 23, no. 11 (2021): 1581–1589. https://doi.org /10.1080/14719037.2021.1878777.

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Christina L Rudatin, Annisa Wardhani, and Fauzi Mubarak. “Analisis Kriteria Destinasi Penyelenggaraan Wisata Bisnis (MICE) Pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19.” In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Terapan Riset Inovatif (SENTRINOV), edited by Politeknik Negeri Jember, 7:196–207. Indonesian Society of Applied Science (ISAS), 2021. https://proceeding.isas.or.id/index.php/sentrinov/article/view/1046.

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Devi, E.T., D. Wibisono, N.B. Mulyono, and R. Fitriati. “Designing an Information-Sharing System to Improve Collaboration Culture: A Soft Systems Methodology Approach in the Digital Service Creation Process.” Journal of Enterprise Information Management 36, no. 5 (2023): 1240–1269. https://www.emerald.com/ insight/content/doi/10.1108/JEIM-08-2022-0294/full/html.

Diedrich, Andreas, Ulla Eriksson-Zetterquist, and Alexander Styhre. “Sorting People out: The Uses of One- Dimensional Classificatory Schemes in a Multi-Dimensional World.” Culture and Organization 17, no. 4 (2011): 271–292. e: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/gsco20.

Dror, Y. “Strategic Brain for Central Government.” In The Capacity to Govern in Central and Eastern Europe, 15–27. Bratislava: NISPAcee, 2004.

Dwi Hadya Jayani. “Berlibur, Tujuan Utama Penduduk Indonesia Ke Luar Negeri Saat Pandemi.” Databoks. Last modified December 2021. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/12/29/berlibur-tujuan-utama-penduduk-indonesia-ke-luar-negeri-saat-pandemi44.

Eifert, Benjamin P. Do Regulatory Reforms Stimulate Investment and Growth? Evidence from the Doing Business Data, 2003-07. Washington D.C, 2009. http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1420894.

Gharaee, Hojatolah, Saber Azami Aghdash, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Majid Karamouz, Shirin Nosratnejad, and Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi. “Public-Private Partnership in Primary Health Care: An Experience from Iran.” Primary Health Care Research and Development 24, no. 3 (January 2023). https://www.cambridge. org/core/journals/primary-health-care-research-and-development/article/publicprivate-partnership-in-primary-health-care-an-experience-from-iran/.

Gunn, Alexander. “Immigration and Integration Policy and the Complexity of Multi-Level Governance: A Case Study of British Columbia.” Journal of Borderlands Studies 35, no. 4 (August 2020): 603–618. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08865655.2019.1619472?journalCode=rjbs20.

Hidalgo, Javier. “The Case for the International Governance of Immigration.” International Theory 8, no. 1 (2016): 140–170. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-theory/article/abs/case-for-the-international-governance-of-immigration.

Horne, John. “The Four ‘Knowns’ of Sports Mega‐Events.” Leisure Studies 26, no. 1 (January 2007): 81–96. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02614360500504628.

Humas Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi. “Siaran Pers : Imigrasi Cetak PNBP 4,5 Triliun Dan Sederet Terobosan Layanan Di Tahun 2022,” December 2022. https://www.imigrasi.go.id/id/2022/12/30/siaran-pers-imigrasi-cetak-pnbp-45-triliun-dan-sederet-terobosan-layanan-di-tahun-2022/.

Laricha, Lithrone, Wilson Kosasih, Dan Tri, and Rama Permai. Pengukuran Dan Analisis Indeks Kepuasan Masyarakat Di Kantor Imigrasi Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri. Vol. 6, 2018. https://journal.untar. ac.id/index.php/industri/article/view/3022.

Lee, Choong-Ki, Soo K Kang, and Yong-Ki Lee. “Segmentation of Mega Event Motivation: The Case of Expo 2010 Shanghai China.” Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 18, no. 6 (September 1, 2013): 637–660. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/ref/10.1080/10941665.2012.695287?scroll=top.

Lee, Choong Ki, Soo K Kang, and Yong Ki Lee. “Segmentation of Mega Event Motivation: The Case of Expo 2010 Shanghai China.” Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 18, no. 6 (September 2013): 637–660. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10941665.2012.695287.

Müller, Martin. “What Makes an Event a Mega-Event? Definitions and Sizes.” Leisure Studies 34, no. 6 (November 2015): 627–642. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02614367.2014.993333.

Nuriyanto. “Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Publik Di Indonesia, Sudahkah Berlandaskan Konsep ‘Welfare State’?” Jurnal Konstitusi 11, no. 3 (2016): 428–453. https://jurnalkonstitusi.mkri.id/index.php/jk/article/ view/1132.

OECD.org. Public-Private Cooperation Tools: Build Trust Strategic Governance, 2022. https://www.oecd. org/trade/resilient-supply-chains/strategic-governance/.

Potůček, M, and Přikryl J. “Strategické Vládnutí a Česká Republika Poroce 1989. [Strategic Governance and the Czech Republic after 1989].” In Potůček, M. et Al. Strategické Vládnutí a Česká Republika. (Strategic Governance and the Czech Republic), 125–136. Praha: Grada, 2007.

Rossa, Vania. “Indonesia Jadi Salah Satu Negara Dengan Jumlah Siswa Belajar Di Luar Negeri Terbanyak Di Tahun 2021.” Https://Www.Suara.Com/Lifestyle/2022/07/25/121810/Indonesia-Jadi-Salah-Satu- Negara-Dengan-Jumlah-Siswa-Belajar-Di-Luar-Negeri-Terbanyak-Di-Tahun-2021, July 2022.

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Santoso, M Iman. “Applying Interactive Planning on Public Service Leadership in the Directorate General of Immigration Indonesia.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 169 (January 2015): 400–410. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042815003638.

Setiawan, Achmad. “Implementasi Fungsi Keimigrasian Terhadap Perlindungan Pekerja Migran Indonesia (Implementation of Immigration Function for Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers).” Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Keimigrasian 3, no. 1 (2020): 1–11. https://journal.poltekim.ac.id/jikk/article/view/109.

Śledzik, Karol. “Schumpeter’s View On Innovation And Entrepreneurship Schumpeter’s View On Innovation And Entrepreneurship.” Management Trends in Theory and Practice (2013). https://papers. ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2257783.

Suryaatmaja, K., D. Wibisono, A. Ghazali, and R. Fitriati. “Exploring the Missing Framework of Agile Software Development Framework through Adaptation.” International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering 7, no. 6 (2019): 259–263. https://www.ijrte.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v7i6s2/ F10390476S219.pdf.

———. “Uncovering the Failure of Agile Framework Implementation Using SSM-Based Action Research.” Palgrave Communications 6, no. 1 (2020): 1–18. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0384- 9#citeas.

Tao, Jill L. “National-Local Networks and Immigration Governance: Policy Distance in South Korea.” Croatian and Comparative Public Administration 19, no. 3 (2019): 345–376. https://hrcak.srce.hr/226336.

Tenggara, Maxedo, Breeze Maringka, and Hamka. “Perancangan Konferensi Dan Pameran Di Kota Malang Tema: High-Tech Architecture.” Jurnal Pengilon 3, no. 2 (2019): 47–58. https://ejournal.itn.ac.id/index. php/pengilon/article/view/3065.

De Vries, M, and J Nemec. “Public Sector Reform: An Overview of Recent Literature and Research on NPM and Alternative Paths.” International Journal of Public Sector Management 26, no. 1 (2013): 4–16.

Wang, Ying, and Xin Jin. “Event-Based Destination Marketing: The Role of Mega-Events.” Event Management 23, no. 1 (2019): 109–118. https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/bitstream/handle/10072/384421/ Wang207630.pdf?sequence=1.

Wasem, Ruth. “Immigration Governance for the Twenty-First Century.” Journal on Migration and Human Security 6, no. 1 (2018): 97–120. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/233150241800600105.

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/jopart/mum032

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Budiarso, Sarjono Putro, U., Sunitiyoso, Y., & Fitriati, R. (2021). How do design parameters of firm governance affect collaboration process dimensions in professional service firm? Heliyon, 7(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08431

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Checkland, P., & Poulter, J. (2020). “Soft systems methodology”, in Reynolds, M. and Holwell, S. (Eds), Systems Approaches to Making Change: A Practical Guide (Second Edition). Springer-Verlag London Ltd.

Devi, E. T., Wibisono, D., Mulyono, N. B., & Fitriati, R. (2023). Designing an information-sharing system to improve collaboration culture: a soft systems methodology approach in the digital service creation process. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-08-2022-0294

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