Conjugal Visit: Juridical Review of the Fulfillment of Inmates’ Rights in the Correctional Perspective

Niken Subekti Budi Utami, Octa Nadia Mellynda

  Abstract


Imprisonment as a loss of independence should only limit the inmates’ freedom of movement in     a correctional institution. This interpretation rises a discourse that the fulfillment of other rights of inmates must be guaranteed, including the right to fulfill their sexual needs. A term that is known globally in order to fulfill this right is called a conjugal visit. This study seeks to describe the urgency and prospects of conjugal visit for inmates in Indonesia. In addition, this study aims to provide an overview of the arrangement and implementation of conjugal visit. This legal research was normative legal research supported by the results of interviews with resource persons. The data obtained from the literature research were analyzed descriptive-qualitatively with a legal systematic approach and legal comparison. The results of this study indicate that sexual needs are one of the human rights. They are the inmates’ basic needs that must be fulfilled. The failure to fulfill these basic needs will have a negative impact both physically and psychologically. Based on the theory of basic human needs, the rules of international law, namely the Nelson Mandela Rules and the Bangkok Rules,  as well as national law, namely the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 36 of 2009 concerning Health, conjugal visit can actually be implemented in Indonesia with clear legal bases in Indonesian law. Establishment of regulations regarding conjugal visit is done by comparing practices in other countries and aligned withn the Legal System Theory. These countries have similar backgrounds to Indonesia and have implemented conjugal visit, namely Pakistan, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia.

  Keywords


sexual needs; inmates; fulfillment of rights

  Full Text:

PDF

  References


Apriansyar, Nizar. “Peran Pemerintahan Dalam Pembentukan Kebijakan Hukum.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 10, no. 2 (2016).

Ardinata, Mikho. “Tanggung Jawab Negara Terhadap Jaminan Kesehatan Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM).” Jurnal HAM 11, no. 2 (2020).

Arief, Barda Nawawi. Kebijakan Legislatif Dalam Penanggulangan Kejahatan Dengan Pidana Penjara. Semarang: Badan Penerbit UNDIP, 1996.

Austria. The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Inmates (the Nelson Mandela Rules, 1955.

Bangkok. United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Inmates and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders with Their Commentary (The Bangkok Rules), 2011.

Baskoro, Rangga. “Ini Alasan Bilik Asmara Sulit Direalisasikan Di Lapas, Seperti Yang Diminta DPR.” Tribun News.

Dinas Komunikasi dan Informatika. “Depkumham Akan Ajukan Program Conjugal Visit.” Kominfo Jatim.

England, Deborah C. “States That Allow Conjugal visit.” Criminal Defense Lawyer.

Garner, Bryan A. Black’s Law Dictionary Ninth Edition. St Paul: Thomson Reuters, 2009.

Haryono. “Implikasi Perubahan Undang-Undang Pemasyarakatan Terhadap Perlakuan Tahanan, Anak, Dan Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 15, no. 1 (2021).

———. “Optimalisasi Pelaksanaan Tugas Dan Fungsi Lapas Terbuka Dalam Proses Asimilasi Narapidana.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 12, no. 3 (2018).

Hiariej, Eddy O.S. Prinsip-Prinsip Hukum Pidana Edisi Revisi. Yogyakarta: Cahaya Atma Pustaka, 2016.

Hiskey, Daven. “So What Are the Actual Rules with Conjugal visit and How Did They Get Their Start?” Today I Found Out.

Huda, M. Nur. “Jumlah Napi Perempuan Di Indonesia Melonjak Tajam Sejak 2014.” Tribun News.

Human Rights Commission. “Prison Inmates Connecting with Family Members.” Rights: Quarterly Magazine.

International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). Sexual Rights: An IPPF Declaration. London: International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) Publisher, 2008.

Johari, Aarefa. “Even Saudi Arabia Allows Inmates to Receive Conjugal visit.” Scroll.In.

Kusmaryanto, Carolus Boromeus. “Hak Asasi Manusia Atau Hak Manusiawi?” Jurnal HAM 12, no. 3 (2021).

Langden, Ni Nyoman Ome Tania, and I Nengah Suantra. “Tinjauan Yuridis Urgensi Kebijakan Conjugal Visit Sebagai Pemenuhan Hak Bagi Narapidana.” Jurnal Kertha Wicara 7, no. 4 (2018).

McLeod, Saul. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.” Simply Psychology.

Novian, Rully, Supriyadi Widodo Eddyono, Ajeng Gandini Kamilah, Sustira Dirga, Carla Nathania, Erasmus A.T. Napitupulu, Syahrial Martanto Wiryawan, and Adhigama Andre Budhiman. Strategi Menangani Overcrowding Di Indonesia, Penyebab, Dampak, Dan Penyelesaiannya. Jakarta: Institute for Criminal Justice Reform (ICJR), 2018.

Nugrahani, Ely Rahmatika, Amalia Kusumaningsih, Nurilla Kholida, Siti Kholifah, and Ah Yusuf. “Sexual Activity of Male and Female Inmates in Prison and The Impact on Sexual Orientation - A Systematic Review.” In Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference, 406–412. SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications, 2018.

Nugroho, Okky Chahyo. “Pemenuhan Hak Atas Kebutuhan Seksual Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan.” Jurnal HAM 6, no. 2 (2015): 36–45.

Nurhardianto, Fajar. “Sistem Hukum Dan Posisi Hukum Indonesia.” Jurnal TAPIs 11, no. 1 (2015).

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 1995 Tentang Pemasyarakatan, 1995.

———. Undang-Undang Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 Tentang Hak Asasi Manusia, 1999.

Primawardani, Yuliana. “Perawatan Fisik Terkait Penyediaan Makanan Dan Minuman Bagi Narapidana Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Ditinjau Dari Pendekatan Hak Asasi Manusia.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 11, no. 2 (2017).

Priyatno, Dwija. Sistem Pelaksanaan Pidana Penjara Di Indonesia. Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2006.

Raga, Suzanne. “9 Arresting Facts about Conjugal visit.” Mental Floss.

Sanburn, Josh. “Mississippi Ending Conjugal visit for Inmates.” TIME USA.

Sanusi, Ahmad. “Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Pembinaan Narapidana Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Terbuka.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 13, no. 2 (2019).

Saputra, Erandhi Hutomo. “Dirjen PAS Sudah Sediakan Bilik Asmara Di 3 Lapas.” Kumparan.

Simbolon, Huyogo. “Fahmi Darmawansyah Akui Berikan Mobil Dan Uang Untuk KaLapas Sukamiskin.” Liputan 6.

Situmorang, Victorio Hariara. “Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Sebagai Bagian Dari Penegakan Hukum.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 13, no. 1 (March 27, 2019): 85. http://ejournal.balitbangham.go.id/index.php/kebijakan/article/view/591.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: UI Press, 1982.

Soemitro, Ronny Hanitijo. Metode Penelitian Hukum Dan Jurimetri. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1988.

Sudra, Rano Indradi, Destri Maya Rani, Nur Alim, Lakhmudien, Irma Yanti, Astri Nurdiana, Evita Aurilia Nardina, Irma Hamdayani Pasaribu, and Rina Marlina. Etika Profesi Dan Hukum Kesehatan Dalam Praktik Kebidanan. Medan: Yayasan Kita Menulis, 2021.

Sugiasih, Inhastuti. “Need Assessment Mengenai Pemberian Pendidikan Seksual Yang Dilakukan Ibu Untuk Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun.” Proyeksi 6, no. 1 (2011): 71–81.

Suhaila, Erwina, Rahmatul Hidayati, and Budi Parmono. “Conjugal Visit Bagi Narapidana Untuk Memenuhi Kebutuhan Biologis (Studi Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas I Kota Malang).” Jurnal Dinamika 27, no. 9 (2021): 1295–1311.

Sulistyawan, Aditya Yuli. “Membangun Model Hukum Yang Memerhatikan Kebutuhan Seksual Narapidana Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan: Telaah Paradigma Konstruktivisme.” Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 4, no. 1 (2014).

Susanti, Dwi Elyana. “Optimalisasi Pelaksanaan Tugas Pembimbing Kemasyarakatan Dalam Revitalisasi Pemasyarakatan.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum 14, no. 1 (2020).

Toumi, Habib. “Conjugal Visit Prisoner Attempts to Smuggle in Drugs.” Gulf News.

Umam, Chaerul. “Yasonna Laoly Akui Kemenkumham Belum Bisa Menyediakan Rumah Conjugal Visit Di Lapas.” Tribun News.

United Nations. Report of the International Conference on Population 1984. New York: United Nations, 1984.

Utami, Penny Naluria. “Keadilan Bagi Narapidana Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan.” Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure 17, no. 3 (2017).

Valentinus. Budaya Sabung Ayam Dalam Perspektif Hukum Pidana Dan Kriminologi. Makassar, 2013.

Waaldijk, Kees. The Character of Scholarly Legal Research: Paradigms, Problems, Questions, Hypotheses, Sources, Methods. Leiden, 2009.

Wahyudi. Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja. Yogyakarta: Lab Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa FK UGM, 2000.

Wibowo, Kukuh S. “Kemenkumham: Penghuni Lapas Dan Rutan Di Atas Kapasitas, Potensi Rusuh Besar.” Tempo.

“Dr Boyke: Untuk Penyaluran Seks, LP Perlu Miliki Ruang Khusus Bercinta.” Detik News.

“Research Finds That Conjugal visit Correlate with Fewer Sexual Assaults.” Prison Legal News.


  Article Metrics

Abstract This article has been read : 123 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 64 times

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/kebijakan.2022.V16.97-118

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum

Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum Indexed by :

 


Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License