Pemenuhan Akomodasi yang Layak Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas pada Proses Pemeriksaan Keimigrasian di Indonesia

Bagas Hidayat Putra, Ridwan Arifin

  Abstract


Penerapan prinsip HAM dalam proses pemeriksaan keimigrasian seperti penyediaan fasilitas untuk penumpang penyandang disabilitas di Tempat Pemeriksaan Imigrasi (TPI) Indonesia masih minim dan belum sesuai standar. Implementasi HAM dalam pemeriksaan keimigrasian di TPI baru sebatas pemberian kartu prioritas, penyediaan konter khusus, dan jalur prioritas untuk penyandang disabilitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fakta-fakta serta kajian literatur dalam pemeriksaan keimigrasian di TPI yang meliputi pemeriksaan keimigrasian melalui autogate bagi penyandang disabilitas dan melalui konter manual oleh petugas imigrasi. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa belum ada implementasi HAM dalam pemeriksaan keimigrasian melalui autogate di TPI dan minimnya fasilitas pendukung bagi penyandang disabilitas. Selain itu, tata letak area imigrasi di TPI belum dilengkapi dengan fasilitas untuk segala jenis penyandang disabilitas. Maka, perlu adanya penyesuaian bentuk serta ukuran autogate secara fisik untuk penggunaan autogate yang lebih optimal. Perlu ada peningkatan fasilitas bagi penyandang disabilitas di area imigrasi agar pemeriksaan keimigrasian yang lebih efektif dan berbasis HAM, seperti huruf braile, guiding block, hearing loop, dan wheelchair ramp. Riset berikutnya dapat mengkaji HAM dalam pemeriksaan keimigrasian dari perspektif penumpang umum (selain penyandang disabilitas) dan paradigma petugas.


  Keywords


Hak Asasi Manusia; tempat pemeriksaan imigrasi; penyandang disabilitas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/ham.2020.11.405-418

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