Dispensation of Marriage in The Perspective of Children's Rights: Best Interest of The Children

Nabilah Luthfiyah Chusnida, Teddy Prima Anggriawan

  Abstract


Underage marriage with marriage dispensation is very influential on the lives of children and adolescents. The Convention on the Rights of the Child has determined that the best interest of the child is the primary interest in any action concerning the child. This study uses a normative juridical method based on a statutory approach. The purpose of this research is to find out the judge's considerations and what factors cause the rise of early marriage. This study concludes that the number of marriage dispensations in Indonesia continues to increase from 2016-2018, and is stagnant in 2019-2020. This figure increases because awareness of the meaning of marriage is reduced and many people in Indonesia think that adat must still be maintained. The high dispensation of marriage is caused by economic factors, pregnancy out of wedlock, and cultural factors. Thus, the judge assessed that the granting of a marriage dispensation had the best impact on the child in accordance with the theory of the best interests of the child. The implementation of the regulations that have been implemented still requires derivative regulations that regulate the basics of granting marriage dispensations in court. In order for the application for a marriage dispensation to be granted wisely, it is recommended to refer to Law Number 16 of 2019 concerning Marriage and PERMA Number 5 of 2019 concerning Guidelines for the Termination of Marriage Dispensation. So that judges avoid subjective considerations in adjudicating marital dispensation cases.


  Keywords


Best Interests of The Child; Children’s Right ;Marriage Dispensation

  Full Text:

PDF

  References


Albert Osei, “The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child,” Beginning With Brandon’s Interest 19, no. 4 (2019): 136–136.

Alice Y. Taylor et al., “Child Marriages and Unions in Latin America: Understanding the Roles of Agency and Social Norms,” Journal of Adolescent Health 64, no. 4 (2019): S45–S51, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.12.017.

Badan Pusat Statistik dan Kementerian PPN /Bappenas, Pencegahan Perkawinan Anak: percepatan yang Tidak Bisa Ditunda. Jakarta: 2020, Deputi Bidang Statistik Sosial, hal. 6-10

Candraningrum, Dewi, Pernikahan Anak: Status Anak Perempuan ? Jurnal Perempuan, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2016.

Ewa Batyra and Luca Maria Pesando, “Trends in Child Marriage and New Evidence on the Selective Impact of Changes in Age-at-Marriage Laws on Early Marriage,” SSM - Population Health 14 (2021): 100811, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100811.

Evi Djuniarti, Perkawinan Pada Gelahang Serta Aspek Hukum Pembagian Harta Warisannya di Bali. Vol. 20, No. 3 September, 2020 Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2020.V20.459-471

Fuzi Narindrani. iLegal Protection For Minors As Victims Of Sexual Harassment In Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian De Jure Vol. 21 No. 4, December 2021. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2021.V21.525-540

Fuad, Ahmad Masfuful, Menelaah Kembali Ketentuan Usia Minimal Kawin di Indonesia melalui Perspektif Hermeneutika, Al-Maslahah Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, Vol.11, No.2, 2015.

Gaston, Misunas & Cappa. Child marriage among boys: a global overview of available data. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. Vol 14 Issue 3 (2019), pp. 219-228. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17450128.2019.1566584

Girls Not Brides. (2019). Indonesia. Retrieved from:

https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/child-marriage/indonesia/

Hardani, Sofia, Analisis tentang Batas Umur untuk Melangsungkan Perkawinan Menurut Perundang-Undangan di Indonesia, Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, Vol.40, No.2, 2015.

Jayadi, Muhammad Nor, Pernikahan di Bawah Umur di Kota Kuala Pembuang, Kabupaten Seruyan (Studi tentang Administrasi Perkawinan), Palangka Raya: Fakultas Syariah STAIN Palangka Raya, 2012.

Jody Imam Rafsanjani. Legal Protection Of Kid Influencers From Child Exploitation. Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure, Vol. 22 No. 1 March 2022. http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2022.V22.093-104

Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 36 Tahun 1990 tentang Pengesahan Convention On The Rights of The Child (Konvensi Tentang Hak-Hak Anak)

Maila D.H. Rahiem, “COVID-19 and the Surge of Child Marriages: A Phenomenon in Nusa Tenggara Barat, Indonesia,” Child Abuse and Neglect 118, no. 95 (2021): 105168, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105168.

Mardi Candra, Aspek Perlindungan Anak Indonesia - Analisis Perkawinana Di Bawah Umur (Jakarta: Kencana, 2018)., 35-37

Mimin and Lukman. The Legal Status of Mut’ah Marriage In Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure 21, no. 3 (Sept. 2021): 213–222. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2021.V21.397-408

Messy Avionica, “The Impact Of Young Marriage With Marriage Dispensation For Women And Children,” Agenda - Jurnal Analisis Gender dan Agama Vol. 1 / N (2017): 107–123.

Moeliono & Ardhiati, 2017 dalam Bappenas. (2019). Studi Latar Belakang RPJMN 2020-2024. (Unpublished); UNICEF Indonesia. (2019). Studi Literatur Peraturan Daerah Pencegahan Perkawinan Anak. (unpublished).

Mubasyaroh. Analisis Faktor Penyebab Pernikahan Dini dan Dampaknya Bagi Pelakunya. Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Sosial keagamaan Yusdisia Vo. 7 No. 2 Desember 2016.

Musfiroh, Rohmi, Mayadina. „‟Pernikahan Dini dan Upaya Perlindungan Anak diIndonesia‟. Jurnal Hukum dan Syari’ah, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2016.

Penny Naluria Utami, The Role of Community Counselor In Handling Child Clients In Class I Correctional Center of Medan. Jurnal Penelitian De Jure Volume 22 Number 2, June 2022. http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2022.V22.271-284

Pitrotussaadah, Mimin Mintarsih. „‟Batas Usia Minimal Perkawinan Menurut Perspektif Hukum Positif di Indonesia dan Hukum Islam‟. Jurnal Muttaqien, Vol. 1, No. 1, Juli 2020.

Rahmawati, Sri. „‟Batas Usia Minimal Pernikahan (Studi Komparatif Hukum Islam dan Hukum Positif‟‟. Jurnal Syakhsia, Vol. 22, No. 1, Agustus 2020.

Rosmi Darmi, Implementasi Konvensi Hak Anak Terkait Dengan Perlindungan Anak Yang Berhadapan Dengan Proses Hukum. Jurnal penelitian De Jure Vo. 16 No. 4, Desember, 2016

Safrin Salam, “Dispensasi Perkawinan Anak di Bawah Umur: Perspektif Hukum Adat, Hukum Negara & Hukum Islam”, Jurnal Pagaruyuang Vol. 1 No. 1, (Juli 2017): 111

Syahuri, Taufiqurrohman, Legislasi Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia: Pro Kontra Pembentukannya hingga Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi, Jakarta: Kencana, 2013.

Siti Aisyah Kara, dkk., Panduan Penelitian dan Pemantauan Perkawinan Usia Anak, (Makassar: Liblitera Institute, 2019).

Siaran Pers Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan Tentang, Perkawinan Anak Merupakan Praktik Berbahaya (Harmful Practice) yang Menghambat Indonesia Emas 2045, Jakarta, 3 Agustus 2021, https://komnasperempuan.go.id/siaran-pers-detail/siaran-pers-komnas-perempuan-tentang perkawin an-anak-merupakan-praktik-berbahaya-harmful-practice-yang-menghambat-indonesia-emas-2045-3-agustus-2021

Taufik H. Simatupang, “Disharmoni Peraturan PerundangUndangan Di Bidang Pengawasan Perwalian Di Indonesia (Lintas Sejarah Dari Hukum Kolonial Ke Hukum Nasional),” Jurnal Penelitian Hukum DE JURE 20, no. 2 (2020): 221–232.

Taufik Hidayat Simatupang, “Adult Age in Marriage in Indonesia (Theoretical Study of the Application of the Lex Posterior Derogat Legi Priori Principle),” Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure 21, no. 2 (June 24, 2021): 213–222, accessed February 2, 2022, https://ejournal.balitbangham.go.id/index.php/dejure/article/view/1618

Wahyu Saefudin, Rony Aryono Putro, Sriwiyanti. Restorative justice in child rape perpetratirs: A Case studi On Perspetrators With Intellectual Disability. Jurnal Penelitian De Jure Volume 22 Number 2, March 2022. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2022.V22.049-062

Wodon, Quentin T.; Male, Chata; Onagoruwa, Adenike Opeoluwa; Savadogo, Aboudrahyme; Yedan, Ali; Kes, Aslihan; John, Neetu; Steinhaus, Mara; Murithi, Lydia; Edmeades, Jeff; Petroni, Suzanne. 2018. Economic impacts of child marriage: Ethiopia synthesis report (English). The Economic Impacts of Child Marriage. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/149721525196131393/Economic-impactsof-child-marriage-Ethiopia-synthesis-report

_________ Savadogo, Aboudrahyme; Kes, A. 2017. Economic impacts of child marriage: work, earnings and household welfare brief (English). Economic Impacts of Child Marriage. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/312761498512784050/Economic-impacts-of-child-marriage-work-earnings-andhousehold-welfare-brief

Wafa, Moh. Ali.‟Telaah Kritis Terhadap Perkawinan Usia Muda Menurut Hukum Islam‟. Jurnal Ahkam, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2017

Wahyudi, Abdullah Tri, Hukum Acara Peradilan Agama, Bandung: Mandar Maju, 2014.


  Article Metrics

Abstract This article has been read : 105 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 70 times

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2022.V22.295-310

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Nabilah Luthfiyah Chusnida, Teddy Prima Anggriawan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure Indexed by :

       

Complete list


Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure Statistic