Urgency of Respect for Autonomy and Rights to Receive Covid-19 Vaccination Information in the Context of Vaccination Obligations

Ervin Dyah Ayu Masita Dewi

  Abstract


Currently, the Covid-19 vaccination coverage is quite high, reaching 62%. Ironically, there are many rejection and inappropriate motivation in receiving vaccines. Enthusiasm for vaccination didn’t represent the understanding regarding vaccination. Lack of understanding can be caused by limited or ineffective information. To describe the provision of information during the Covid-19 vaccination, a descriptive qualitative study was conducted with in-depth interviews with ten respondents. The data was analyzed by making coding and themes and compared with references. The results showed that four out of ten respondents didn’t receive information prior to the Covid-19 vaccination. It was also found that the motivation to receive vaccines was only as an obligation and for using public facilities. On the other hand, vaccinators had limitations in providing information and only prioritize vaccination coverage. Without adequate information, receiving vaccine would be a mere compulsion. Respect for autonomy of vaccine recipients and rights to receive information as parts of human rights didn’t work. The obligation to receive the Covid-19 vaccination in the context of a pandemic must respect the rights and autonomy of the community. Collaboration from the government and local leaders and structured coordination are needed so that the Covid-19 vaccination is accordance with ethical standards.


  Keywords


Covid-19 vaccination; autonomy; rights to receive information

  Full Text:

PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

  References


Abraham, Charles, dan Paschal Sheeran. “The Health Belief Model Chapter. In Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, edited by Susan Ayers, Andrew Baum, Chris McManus, Stanton Newman, Kenneth Wallston, John Weinman, and Robert West, 97–102. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University .” In Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, diedit oleh Susan Ayers, Andrew Baum, Chris McManus, Stanton Newman, Kenneth Wallston, John Weinman, dan Robert West, 97–102. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Adebisi, Yusuff, Aishat Alaran, Obasanjo Bolarinwa, Wuraola Akande-Sholabi, dan Don Prisno III. “When It is Available, Will We Take It? Social Media Users’ Perception of Hypothetical Covid-19 Vaccine in Nigeria.” Pan African Medical Journal 38 (2021): 230.

Arumsari, Wahyuni, Rani Tiara Desty, dan Wahyu Eko Giri Kusumo. “Gambaran Penerimaan Vaksin COVID-19di Kota Semarang.” Indonesian Journal of Health Community 2, no. 1 (2021): 35–45.

Beauchamp, Tom, dan James Childress. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. 8th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Dewi, Ervin D. A. M. D. “Penilaian Pemahaman Pasien dalam Kaitan dengan Penghormatan Otonomi Pasien dalam Persetujuan Tindakan Kedokteran.” MEDIKA: Jurnal Kedokteran Indonesia 7, no. 1 (2021): 19–23.

Dewi, Ervin Dyah Ayu Masita, Siswanto Sastrowijoto, dan Retna Siwi Padmawati. “Autonomous Informed Consent in Term of Completeness of Medical Information Disclosure.” BKM Public Health and Community Medicine 37, no. 3 (2021): 71–78.

Disemadi, Hari, dan Tomi Pardede. “Problematika Pemberian Sanksi Terhadap Penolakan Vaksinasi Covid-19: Suatu Kajian Perspektif HAM.” Jurnal Supremasi (2021): 107–119.

Faden, Ruth, dan Tom Beauchamp. A history and theory of informed consent. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Febriyanti, Noer, Maulivia Idham Choliq, dan Asri Wido Mukti. “Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Kesediaan Vaksinasi Covid-19 Pada Warga Kelurahan Dukuh Menanggal Kota Surabaya.” In Seminar Nasional Hasil Riset dan Pengabdian Ke-III, diedit oleh Ujang Jamaludin, Harlinda Syofyan, dan Awiria, 36–42. Surabaya: Adi Buana University Press, 2021.

Fitriani, dan Wahyu Riniasih. “Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan pada Lansia tentang Vaksin Covid-19 terhadap Motivasi Lansia Mengikuti Vaksinasi Covid-19 di Dusun Ngablak Desa Ngraji Kecamatan Purwodadi Kabupaten Grobogan.” The Shine Cahaya Dunia D-III Kep Journal 6, no. 2 (2021): 1–9. http://ejournal.annurpurwodadi.ac.id/index.php/TSCD3Kep/article/view/294.

Green, Judith, dan Nicki Thorogood. Qualitative Methods for Health Research. 4 ed. London: SAGE, 2018.

Hanif, Wasim, Sarah Ali, Kiran Patel, dan Kamlesh Khunti. “Cultural Competence in Covid-19 Vaccine Rollout.” BMJ 371 (2021): m4845.

Heriani, Istiana. “Hak Atas Informasi Publik Dan Hak Atas Rahasia Medis: Problem Hak Asasi Manusia Dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan.” Jurnal Hukum Samudra Keadilan 13, no. 1 (2018): 67–82.

Kadam, Rashmi. “Informed Consent Process: A Step Further Towards Making It Meaningful.” Perspect Clin Res 8, no. 3 (2017): 107–111.

Kaibara, Preethy. “8 Ways to Improve the Informed Consent Processes.” The Journal of Family Practice 59, no. 7 (2010): 373–377.

Kurniawan, Endra. “Terbongkarnya Joki Vaksin di Semarang dengan Bayaran Rp 500 Ribu, 3 Ibu Rumah Tangga Bersekongkol Artikel ini telah tayang di Tribunnews.com dengan judul Terbongkarnya Joki Vaksin di Semarang dengan Bayaran Rp 500 Ribu, 3 Ibu Rumah Tangga Bersekongkol, ht.” Tribunnews.com. Last modified 2022. Diakses Februari 10, 2022. https://www.tribunnews.com/regional/2022/01/05/terbongkarnya-joki-vaksin-di-semarang-dengan-bayaran-rp-500-ribu-3-ibu-rumah-tangga-bersekongkol.

Kusmaryanto, C.B. Bioetika. 2 ed. Jakarta: Kompas Gramedia, 2021.

Kusmaryanto, Carolus Boromeus. “Hak Asasi Manusia atau Hak Manusiawi? (Fundamental Human Rights or Human Rights).” Jurnal HAM 12, no. 3 (2021): 521–532. https://ejournal.balitbangham.go.id/index.php/ham/article/view/1809/pdf.

Laili, Nurul, dan Wahyu Tanoto. “Model Kepercayaan Kesehatan (Health Beief Model) pada Pelaksanaan Vaksin Covid-19.” Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan 17, no. 3 (2021): 198–207.

Lutffan. “Warga Jadi Joki Vaksin Covid-19, Upahnya Hingga Rp 800 Ribu.” Kompas TV. Last modified 2021. Diakses Desember 27, 2021. https://www.kompas.tv/article/244409/warga-jadi-joki-vaksin-covid-19-upahnya-hingga-rp-800-ribu.

Marbella, Hendry Naufal, N Nur’aini, S Agung, dan N Rakhmawati. “Analisis Pengaruh Berita Bohong di Sosial Media Terhadap Keputusan Masyarakat Indonesia Melakukan Vaksinasi Covid-19.” Jurnal Indonesia Sosial Teknologi 2, no. 11 (2021): 1951–1966.

Martha, Evi, dan Sudarti Kresno. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Untuk Bidang Kesehatan. 1 ed. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada, 2016.

Navy, Shannon L. “Theory of Human Motivation—Abraham Maslow.” In Science Education in Theory and Practice, diedit oleh Ben Akpan dan Teresa J. Kennedy, 17–28. 1 ed. Switzerland: Springer, Cham, 2020.

Paul, Elise, Andrew Steptoe, dan Daisy Fancourt. “Attitudes towards vaccines and intention to vaccinate against COVID-19: Implications for public health communications.” The Lancet Regional Health - Europe 1 (2021): 100012.

Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID-19. “Cakupan Vaksinasi Lengkap Nasional Capai 62% Total Populasi Indonesia.” Satuan Tugas Covid-19. Last modified 2022. Diakses Juli 10, 2022. https://covid19.go.id/artikel/2022/06/07/cakupan-vaksinasi-lengkap-nasional-capai-62-total-populasi-indonesia.

Sholahuddin Al-Fatih, dan Felinda Istighfararisna Aulia. “Tanggung Jawab Negara dalam Kasus Covid-19 sebagai Perwujudan Perlindungan HAM.” Jurnal HAM 12, no. 3 (2021): 349–366.

Sun, Shufang, Danhua Lin, dan Don Operario. “Interest in Covid-19 Vaccine Trials Participation Among Young Adults in China: Willingness, Reasons for Hesitancy, and Demographic and Psychosocial Determinants.” Preventive Medical Reports 22 (2021): 101350.

The Ministry of Health, NITAG, UNICEF, WHO. “COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance Survey in Indonesia.” covid19.go.id. Last modified 2020. Diakses Desember 22, 2021. https://covid19.go.id/storage/app/media/Hasil Kajian/2020/November/vaccine-acceptance-survey-en-12-11-2020final.pdf.

Triwibowo, Cecep. Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika, 2014.

“Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI Nomor 290/Menkes/PER/III/2008 tentang Persetujuan Tindakan Kedokteran,” n.d.

“Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 14 Tahun 2021 Tentang Pengadaan Vaksin Dan Pelaksanaan Vaksinasi Dalam Rangka Penanggulangan Pandemi Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid- 19).,” 2021.

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945, 1945.

“Undang-Undang RI Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan,” 2009.

“Undang-Undang RI Nomor 4 Tahun 1984 tentang Wabah Penyakit Menular,” 1984.

“Undang Undang RI No. 44 Tahun 2009 tentang Rumah Sakit,” 2009.


  Article Metric

Abstract this article has been read : 240 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) file viewed/downloaded : 110 times

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/ham.2022.13.445-458

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Ervin Dyah Ayu Masita Dewi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Jurnal HAM Indexed by :

               

Complete list


Jurnal HAM Statistic