Hegemoni Melalui Regulasi Virus Sharing Internasional: Studi Kasus Virus Flu Burung A (H5N1) Indonesia

Sarah Sarah

Abstract


Indonesia merupakan negara dengan tingkat biodiversitas yang tinggi akan keanekaragaman flora dan fauna, serta penyakitnya. Virus Flu Burung A (H5N1) yang terjadi di Indonesia merupakan kasus penyakit yang menarik untuk dikaji. Di dalamnya terdapat pelanggaran-pelanggaran yang dilakukan oleh aktor internasional terhadap regulasi yang berkaitan dengan access and benefit sharing. Masalah semakin diperparah dengan ditemukannya sampel virus yang dikirim Indonesia ternyata berada di tangan Amerika Serikat melalui Laboratorium Los Alamos. Oleh karena itulah, adanya dugaan bahwa kasus Virus H5N1 yang terjadi di Indonesia merupakan salah satu bentuk hegemoni melalui regulasi yang tercipta, yaitu Convention on Biological Diversity dan Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2016 tentang Paten. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan dianalisis dengan dua macam teori yakni hegemoni dan rezim internasional. Hasil penelitian ini akan menjelaskan bagaimana sebuah rezim internasional bisa mencerminkan hegemoni negara maju. Penelitian ini juga memaparkan beberapa penyebab bagaimana hegemoni bisa sampai menduduki Indonesia saat kasus Virus H5N1 terjadi di Indonesia.


Keywords


virus H5N1; mekanisme virus sharing; hegemoni; rezim internasional; Indonesia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2019.V19.361-383

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