Dynamics of Local Government Policies in Providing Recognition and Protection of Customary Law Communities in Maluku

Nasaruddin Umar, Rustam Magun Pikahulan, Syafa'at Anugrah Pradana

  Abstract


The problem of protecting and recognizing the rights of Customary Law Communities in Indonesia, including in Maluku, from the perspective of local government policies, is still being underestimated, even though Article 18 B paragraph (2) of the constitution has given recognition and respect to the unity of Customary Law Communities and their traditional rights, However is it that to get recognition of the status of customary villages in several negeri in the districts of Maluku and disputes over the mata rumah parentah still occur frequently. This study raises issues regarding legal protection and problems regarding the recognition of the rights of Customary Law Communities in districts/cities in Maluku by using statutory, conceptual approaches and case studies of court decisions relating to the rights of Customary Law Communities. Based on the results of the study it was found that the Provincial Government had issued a policy to provide customary law protection in Maluku which became the basis for establishing customary villages in Ambon City and Tual City, however, there are still regencies that have not provided recognition in the form of regional regulations for establishing customary villages, such as in West Seram Regency and Central Maluku Regency due to weak local government commitment and juridical problems.


  Keywords


policy; customary law communities; regional government; recognition and protection

  Full Text:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30641/dejure.2023.V23.283-298

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